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December 2015 

Volume 2  Issue 3

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Research Article
Male and Female College Students’ Attitudes Towards Eating Disorders in Males
Ryan Branson, Pamela S. Hinton*

The objective of this study was to determine if male and female college students differ in their attitudes towards eating disorders in males. Male and female undergraduate students (n=778) enrolled in an undergraduate nutrition course at a Midwestern university completed a brief, anonymous, questionnaire to collect demographic information and to assess attitudes towards eating disorders in males in March of 2013. Sex differences in demographic variables and in eating disorder attitudes were assessed using t-tests or the Chi-square test at P<0.05.

 

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Research Article
Comparison between Body Mass Index and Phase Angle in Predicting Nutritional Status in Patients with Anorexia Nervosa
Maffoni Claudia*, Apicella, Dozio, Antonelli, Mendolicchio

Anorexia Nervosa (AN) is the psychiatric illness with the highest mortality rate, attributable to the medical complications  that involve every body system, as gastrointestinal, cardiac, pulmonary, hematology, musculoskeletal, endocrine and neurologic systems. Therefore, it is important to motivate patients affected by AN to improve their nutritional status in order to avoid the risk of serious complications, even though the admission process in a treatment setting is perceived as a coercion.

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Mini Review on Dietary Supplements
Supplemental Use of the Carotenoids Lutein and Zeaxanthin
Victoria A. Yunez Behm*

Lutein and zeaxanthin, commonly referred to as the macular pigments, are carotenoid antioxidants that provide protection against reactive oxygen species in the eyes and skin. This review article discusses the health effects of these carotenoids, their role in the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), supplemental use and bioavailability, dosing, safety and drug-nutrient interactions.

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Perspective Article
Timing of Physical Training to Optimize Metabolism: Founding a Workable Public Health Program
Akbar Nikkhah*

This article founds a public health program involving optimal exercise timing. Although exercise per se is by all means health-improving, at certain times of the circadian phase it could be more synchronous with internal physiological rhythms of cell metabolism. Afternoon and especially evening physical work could enhance glucose tolerance and improve insulin- oriented substrate oxidation and waste management. This is due to the evolutionary cell physiology that demands highly active diurnal cell metabolism and much less active nocturnal nutrient turnover when body prevails to rest and not burn much energy. Nonetheless, care must be exercised to not overly pressure the body late in evening and not adversely affect sleep.

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Perspective Article
A Novel Public Program to Reduce Diabetes: Paralleled Patterns of Exercise and Intake
Akbar Nikkhah*

The objective of this public health article was to describe a rhythmic united system of circadian intake and exercise patterns to reduce prediabetes and diabetes. This program is based on a feasible practice to prescribe a sufficiently intense physical work for any key food meal. This program must be supplemented by small frequent food meals distributed evenly during day and no major meal overnight. Therefore, major exercise is a must every day or at the very least every other day. No longer exercise interval protects perfectly the modern human against diabetes.

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Research Article
Evaluation of the Diet in Medical and Para-Medical Students Using Diet Quality Index
Eman M Alissa*, Hend Alsawadi, Asma Zedan, Dalya Alqarni, Maria Bakry, Nojoud Bin Hli

Western lifestyle has rapidly been adopted and this has caused changes in dietary habits, types of food, cooking methods, etc. especially among the young Saudi population. We aimed to assess the overall diet quality of young adults. A total of 140 students were included from the medical and para-medical students of King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in a cross sectional study. A structured questionnaire was self-administered including socio-demographic characteristics, semi-quantitative pre-validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) from which dietary quality index international (DQI-I) was estimated.

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Review Article
Smartphone Applications for Promoting Healthy Diet and Nutrition: A Literature Review
Steven S. Coughlin, PhD*, Mary Whitehead, MPH, CHES, Joyce Q. Sheats, RN, MPH, Jeff Mastromonico, Dale Hardy, PhD, RD, LD, CDE, CHES, Selina A. Smith, PhD, MDiv

Rapid developments in technology have encouraged the use of smartphones in health promotion research and practice. Although many applications (apps) relating to diet and nutrition are available from major smartphone platforms, relatively few have been tested in research studies in order to determine their effectiveness in promoting health. In this article, we summarize data on the use of smartphone applications for promoting healthy diet and nutrition based upon bibliographic searches in PubMed and CINAHL with relevant search terms pertaining to diet, nutrition, and weight loss through August 2015.

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